So, you've decided to come visit the Bay of Fundy. Great! Here we provide a checklist of fifteen attractions to include in your itinerary. The list is in order around the bay, starting at the New Brunswick border with Maine.
Grand Manan Island
A visit to Grand Manan will involve some time since a ferry trip is involved, but the island really is a jewel of the Bay of Fundy. It offers an authentic coastal environment and natural beauty. Also, it is one of the best places to do whale watching (as well as porpoises and a rich variety of seabirds).
This charming coastal New Brunswick town offers a rich educational setting with the Huntsman Marine Centre Museum and Sunbury Shores Arts and Nature Centre offering family friendly places to learn about the Bay of Fundy. So a visit to Saint Andrews is a must.
Saint John and Reversing Falls
The Saint John River (one of Canada's great rivers) flows into the Bay of Fundy in the city of Saint John. The high tidal range produces reversing falls. At low tide there are falls as the water flows downriver, while near high tide the water rushing from the bay up the river creates falls in the opposite direction. The city of Saint John includes other attractions, including New Brunswick's provincial museum that has fine displays on the geologic background for understanding the area, and a first rate downtown market.
St. Martins and Fundy Trail
The village of St. Martins is the gateway to the Fundy Trail, a spectacularly beautiful set of coastal vistas. There are parallel walking and driving trails. Walk at least part of it if you are able at all. While much more limited than the Nova Scotia Cabot Trail, the Fundy Trail is every bit as beautiful. St. Martins also offers a chance to see two of the more interesting covered bridges of the province.
Fundy National Park
Of course your Bay of Fundy vacation must include a stop at Fundy National Park. In fact, there is enough in the park that you could spend weeks just there, doing something different every day. As well as coastal walks and views, the highlands of the park offer an interesting contrast. The park has an extensive set of well developed trails of varying difficulty levels. The village of Alma (at the eastern entrance to the park) offers a variety of services as well as a charming active harbour (the tiny village has three different lobster shops). Due to the tidal range, the ships sit on dry ground at low tide, and high up at high tide six hours later, and this is one of the more picturesque small harbours in the area.
Imagine a beach of almost level sand that stretches almost forever. Now add the impressive flow of rising tide from the Bay of Fundy. What if you could have the feeling that beach was almost just for you? While not nearly as well known as most of the other attractions on this list, on your way to Cape Enrage be sure to stop at the Waterside Beach. While the water is cold, the beach is spectacular and usually almost empty. Best time to visit is during low tide.
Cape Enrage Lighthouse
One of the most scenic lighthouses along the Bay of Fundy is that at Cape Enrage. On rugged cliffs you have spectacular views of the bay. This lighthouse was saved and turned into one of New Brunswick's top attractions by a pair of Moncton teachers, and high school and university students. As well as the views, there is a gift shop, coffee shop, and for the more adventurous, the chance to rappel down the cliffs.
Perhaps New Brunswick's best known tourist attraction is The Hopewell Rocks (also called the Flowerpots) located near the village of Hopewell Cape. The tides continue to erode these impressive rock formations, and the Elephant Rock pictured in this photo crumbled in early 2016. Plan your visit near the time of low tide to permit walking among the formations. There are also options to kayak among the rock formations at high tide.
The heights of the tidal range cause a tidal bore in several rivers, including the Peticodiac in New Brunswick. Since shallow water waves travel faster when the water, is deeper, the wave gains strength as it moves up a river. One of the better places to view this is from the city of Moncton. Part of the Canada Trail runs along the river in Dieppe and Moncton, and this is one of the easiest, and perhaps best, places to observe the tidal bore. Join the trail near the Chateau Moncton hotel (which is almost across the street from the large Champlain Place shopping mall). If you do arrange your visit to be there at the right time to see the tidal bore, make sure to stay after the bore to see how rapidly the water flows into the river.
Upper Bay Marsh - Sackville
As you proceed up the bay the topography changes from rocky cliffs to flat marshlands. You should spend at least a little while exploring these ecologically important and historically interesting marsh areas. Perhaps the best place, is from Sackville, NB, a delightful and culturally rich town and home of Mount Allison University. The Tantramar marshes extend from the town, and you can walk along the dikes that protect this area from the high tides of the bay. The flat agricultural land reclaimed from the bay are dotted by marsh barns. While in Sackville, make sure to visit the Sackville Waterfowl Park and to spend a little while wandering the beautiful campus of Mount Allison University, the top rated primarily undergraduate university in Canada.
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Joggins Fossil Cliffs
The action of the tides wears away the coast, in certain regions constantly uncovering new fossils. The best location to view these is at the UNESCO World Heritage Site Joggins Fossil Cliffs near the village of Joggins, Nova Scotia. The site has a wonderful modern interpretive site, offers guided walks along the beach where almost everyone can find fossils (but you must leave everything you find on the beach). While Joggins is a bit out of the way, don't even think of skipping this on your Bay of Fundy trip.
The town of Parrsboro, NS has a rich geologic and cultural history, and some of the more beautiful vistas of the bay. In fact National Geographic have proclaimed it the most beautiful place to view the Bay of Fundy. There is much to do in this area, including the Fundy Geological Museum and the Ottawa House by the Sea Museum. The town also is home to a first class summer theatre, Ship's Company Theatre.
It is surprising but most visitors to the Bay of Fundy region don't actually visit the location with the highest tidal range. Burntcoat Head, NS has this distinction. Not only does this location have the highest regular tide, but it also holds the record for the highest single tidal range (nearly 71 ft) during the 1869 Saxby Gale. There is a small interpretive park, some rock formations that mimic the larger ones at Hopewell Cape, and a lighthouse built on top of a house. Do take the time to include Burntcoat Head in your vacation plans.
Shubenacadie Tidal Bore Rafting
If you have a sense of adventure and want to feel the tide, why not consider a rafting expedition as the tidal bore moves up the Shubenacadie River in Nova Scotia. Check out Tidal Bore Rafting for details.
While there are a number of interesting harbours along the Bay of Fundy, none are perhaps as active and interesting as that in Digby, NS. Much of the town faces the harbour, so you can sit in restaurants in the town as you watch the activity in the harbour. Settled in 1783 the area has a rich history, and is perhaps best known as the home for the world famous scallop fleet. While getting to Digby will add to your trip, the destination is worth it.
We could have included a number of other locations, for example Advocate Harbour Cape Chignecto Provincial Park, and other locations along the bay such as the charming university town of Wolfville. If you are up to a fairly rigorous hike, we highly recommend adding Cape Split to the checklist. If you time it correctly, from the end of the trail you will hear the waters of the bay rushing past this point on an incoming tide. Back on the New Brunswick side, Campobello Island provides a different Fundy island experience from Grand Manan. If you are making your visit in early to mid August, be sure to include a visit to Johnson Mills or Marys Point in New Brunswick to observe the huge flocks of sandpipers who pause here to eat mud shrimps before they fly non-stop to South America.
In future posts we will explore in more detail each location on our checklist, as well as interesting places that did not make our checklist. Can't wait for our future posts? Check out the New Brunswick and Nova Scotia tourism sites.
© R.L. Hawkes, Chignecto Creative Services. Last updated Jan. 2, 2017.